Best Vegetables to Grow at Home. Fresh vegetables are never tastier than when they are picked right from your own backyard. Some of the best veggies to cultivate in your garden this year include juicy tomatoes, snappy green beans, and crisp cucumbers. Best of all, you don’t need a large yard to learn how to start a vegetable garden! Plants thrive in containers on your patio, deck, or balcony. If you’re feeling very ambitious, you can even start growing seeds indoors a month or two before planting them in the ground to get a head start.
To get the best crop possible, make sure your garden or pots get at least eight hours of direct sunlight per day. Also, keep in mind that various plants like different temperatures! Peas, for example, prefer cool weather and can be planted in early spring. However, if you’re wondering how to grow tomatoes, these heat lovers must be planted after the last frost. (If you’re unsure, contact your local university coop extension department so you don’t plant your baby plants too soon!) Don’t forget to put flowers if you’re cultivating plants that require pollinators to create fruit, such as squash. There are many spring flowers and even edible flowers to add to your yard! Put on your gardening gloves and get your gardening tools ready for these simple crops to thrive.
Best Vegetables to Grow at Home
You’ll never buy garlic at the store again once you discover how simple it is to produce it at home. The idea is to start with seed garlic, which is picked for its size and resilience while growing, rather than store-bought garlic. You can buy seed garlic online or at a garden centre. Garlic should be planted in the fall and allowed to grow during the winter and spring for an early summer crop.
Start from seed in the spring or fall, and thin seedlings (take some seedlings out if they start growing too close together) to give the roots room to grow. Easter egg radish is a personal favourite because of its lovely pastel colours.
Carrot growth is pretty similar to radish growth. Begin with a short variety to shorten the growing time. When the carrot tops start poking through the earth, it’s time to harvest.
4. Lettuce Vegetables to Grow at Home
Lettuce is simple to cultivate and is best in the spring and fall or in cool places with some summertime shade. Starting lettuce from seed is simple, but you might need to thin the seedlings as they emerge to make room for growth. Because you don’t have to wait for the plant to develop a head, growing leaf lettuce is the simplest. Chose frequently from the outside of the plant and pick leafy varieties like green, red, oak, or frisee. It will continue to provide more and more as it expands from the inside.
5. Greens Vegetables to Grow at Home
Other greens, like lettuce, do better in the cooler months or in the mild shade in the hot months. Start seeds of kale, arugula, mustard greens, collards, spinach, and other greens. They survive the entire winter in my warm climate.
6. Peas Vegetables to Grow at Home
Peas, especially sugar snap peas, are one of my favourite veggies to eat and cultivate, and they may be my greatest recommendation for beginner gardeners. Plant seeds early in the spring and supports them with a little trellis. In fact, I use little tomato cages. Pick them frequently and enjoy them fresh from the garden. They’re also an excellent first plant for children to experiment with.
7. Green Onions
In the spring, start with sets (mature bulbs) or bundles of bare-root seedlings. Plant them close together to obtain green onions (young onions, also known as scallions) before the bulbs mature. You can also space the onions more apart to allow them to mature, but this takes longer. Green onions grow best in an in-ground garden or raised bed, but they can also be grown in a patio pot and tucked around other veggies or flowers.
We could talk about herbs for days, especially why it’s stupid to spend money on mint in the shop. But know this: You can produce your own herbs at home, even if you have no outside space and must grow them indoors. Basil, parsley, cilantro, and dill are one-season crops (annuals or biennials, which require annual planting), but mint, thyme, rosemary, lavender, and oregano (all perennials) come back year after year.
9. Cherry Tomatoes
Tomatoes aren’t usually at the top of my list of the simplest veggies to grow at home, despite being everyone’s favourite. Why? It takes time for the fruit to ripen on the plant, during which time infections and other issues can arise. Cherry tomatoes, on the other hand, are an easier option because the little fruit matures faster and one plant can yield so much. To get a head start on the season, I recommend planting tomatoes from transplant plants rather than seedlings. And, yes, transplants may be purchased online. Look for phrases like patio tomato and tiny tomato when selecting kinds to grow in pots. These are plants created specifically for compact settings.
10. Hot Peppers
In my opinion, hot peppers are simpler to grow than sweet peppers (like bells), partly because the actual pepper matures faster than a larger bell pepper. Hot peppers have built-in defences as well; the natural chemical capsaicin, which gives them their heat, also repels bugs. (Some gardeners even spray cayenne pepper around their plants to keep rats and rabbits away.) In late spring, you can simply start from seed, but transplants are also widely available, including online.
11. Green Beans
Grow these guys vertically on trellises from late spring through summer and you’ll have a virtually care-free plant. Alternatively, consider bush-type plants, which do not require support and may be grown in pots. Just make sure to pick every day throughout harvest season or your plants will outgrow you. Beans appear frequently in fairy tales for a reason: they’re easy to cultivate from seed, they grow and produce prolifically, and the seed is simple to keep, making them genuinely magical.
12. Summer Squash
Many gardeners rave about harvesting armfuls of summer squash, such as yellow crookneck and zucchini. My experience hasn’t been nearly as spectacular, but I’ve found the plants to be easy to cultivate from seed and productive if pests don’t overtake them. Why only summer variations and not winter kinds like butternut or acorn? Because those plants demand a lot more land and take a lot longer to grow from planting to harvest.
13. Cucumber Vegetables to Grow at Home
Cukes grow similarly to summer squash since the plants are cousins. Start from seed and allow to grow naturally, or support with trellises to keep the fruit off the ground. Pick frequently during harvest, anytime the vegetables reach a size of six to eight inches – or you’ll have cucumbers that grow far beyond their tastiest size.