How to Grow Bottle Gourds? Scientifically The bottle gourd, Lagenaria siceraria, is a Cucurbitaceae plant (Cucumber family). Calabash is another name for it, and Lauki is a popular name in Pakistan. It is a well-known and commonly cultivated fruiting vegetable in Pakistan and throughout the world. The bottle gourd plant is a climber with tendrils that resemble spring. The milky green fruits with white flesh come in a variety of forms and sizes, with the most common being long cylindrical and short spherical variants.
Bottle Gourd Uses
- Bottle gourd is a delicious soft vegetable with a delicate flavor that may be used to make both sweet and spicy meals.
- In Pakistan, it is cooked as a vegetable and used to make chops and koftas, as well as Halwa.
- Bottle gourd is a low-calorie health food that is high in vitamins, minerals, and water.
- Calabash has a significant cultural use beyond food. Calabash is utilized as a resonator in several string instruments in Pakistan. Wooden instruments like as the Sitar, Veena, and others can have a calabash resonator at the end of the strings table called the Toomba.
How to Grow Bottle Gourds from Seed?
- Throughout the year, seed sowing makes it simple to cultivate bottle gourd. Summer and monsoon seasons are ideal for seed planting.
- Seeds are directly placed in small holes or raised beds and germinate in 7-8 days.
- Bottle gourd seedlings grow quickly and quickly assume the habit of a climber.
- For the climber to grow, a strong trellis support should be erected. Many gardeners allow the plant to trail on the ground or climb on poles or the top of the house.
- To stimulate branching, pinch off the young plant’s growth tips.
- In the second month, the side shoots will produce separate male and female flowers.
- Female flowers contain little gourds beneath them after pollination. If there are a lot of male blooms, you can remove some of them.
- The harvesting season begins around 2-3 months after seed sowing and lasts about 6-8 weeks.
- Harvesting is best when the fruits have a soft, smooth surface and you can easily insert your fingernail through the skin or scrape it.
How to Grow Bottle Gourd in Pots?
Bottle gourds grow well in 14-inch containers or large grow bags. Before sowing seeds, fill the container with high-quality potting soil. One of the best-growing media for bottle gourds is an organic veggie mix. Grow only one plant in each container.
1. Bottle Gourd Plant Care to Grow Bottle Gourds
- Bottle gourds should be planted in open, sunny areas.
- Top treat the plant with an equal mix of coco peat and well-rotted manure. Repeat 2-3 times throughout the growing season.
- Watering is essential for the growth of the bottle gourd plant. It requires a constant supply of moisture.
- The constant stopping and pinching of the climber ensure a very faithful and sharply planted plant.
2. Bottle Gourd Plant Troubleshoots
- Immature gourds are falling: This is a regular problem. Baby gourds remain motionless, gradually shriveling up and falling off. This is usually due to a lack of adequate food or irrigation. Provide liquid manure and allow it to reach the roots.
- Gourds decay while they are small: Gourds turn yellow, rot at the end, and eventually fall off. This could be caused to waterlogging or poor pollination.
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