How to Grow Broccoli in Pots? Broccoli grows best in cold temperatures and produces two crops in most regions-spring and fall. It is simple to cultivate in containers. Choosing quick-maturing variety guarantees that you may enjoy this protein-rich veggie in no time! Let’s learn everything there is to know about Growing Broccoli in Pots!
Broccoli is a healthy green vegetable that has huge, dark green flowering heads with light green stems. It is similar to cauliflower, which is also a member of the Brassica family but has a separate cultivar group. This green vegetable is high in fiber, iron, potassium, vitamin C, and vitamin K. It also has more protein than other veggies. Broccoli, both cooked and raw, can be used in a variety of cuisines.
Varieties of Broccoli
Di Cicco: It is a heritage cultivar with heads rather than stalks. Maturation takes 45-70 days.
Royal Tenderette Hybrid: This is an excellent option for containers. It grows 3-4 inch stalks and takes 50-60 days to mature.
Flash: It is a hybrid variety that matures in 50 to 80 days. It has a pleasant flavor and grows 6-7 inch heads; it is disease and heat-resistant.
How to Grow Broccoli in Pots?
1. Choosing a Pot
For growing broccoli, 8-10 inches pot should be sufficient. One plant will suffice in a pot this size. It should also have adequate drainage holes. If you intend to grow numerous plants together, choose a larger pot with a similar depth as advised above.
2. Planting Time
Broccoli thrives in temperatures below 75 degrees Fahrenheit because it is a cool-weather crop (23 C).
For Spring Harvest: Plant seeds 4-6 weeks before your region’s latest average frost date. Sow seeds in the fall for the greatest results, as summer temperatures will inhibit broccoli growth.
For Autumn or Winter Harvest: If you are looking forward to a falling or winter harvest, transplant the seedlings in the garden in summer. Plant it in the fall if you live in a mild climate.
- Sow the seeds in individual pots filled with seed-starting mix half an inch deep.
- Place the pot in a location where it will receive 4-5 hours of direct sunlight.
- Water the growing medium on a regular basis to keep it evenly moist.
- The seeds will germinate in 7-14 days.
- Transplant them into the chosen pots when they are 3-7 inches tall and have 4 true leaves.
- It is simple to develop them in this manner. Purchase healthy transplants that are 3-5 weeks old from a nursery.
- Plant them in separate pots.
- Plant many plants at least 15-18 inches apart if you are growing them together.
4. Location to Grow Broccoli in Pots
Choose a location that receives at least 5-6 hours of direct sunshine every day for the finest crop. Avoid growing broccoli in direct sunlight or in partial shade. It will not grow well if you have a balcony facing north.
Broccoli grows nicely in the light, compost-rich soil that drains well and has a pH of 6.0-6.8. Acidity is also required by the plant. To increase the pH of the soil, apply lime or leaf mulch.
6. Water to Grow Broccoli in Pots
Broccoli prefers uniformly moist soil, so keep it that way. Overwatering can cause rot, so make sure water seeps through the bottom hole and does not build in the pot.
7. Fertilizer to Grow Broccoli in Pots
Side-dress broccoli with old manure before planting and again in midseason, when half of its development is complete. Alternatively, during planting, you can apply a slow-release, all-purpose fertilizer. A liquid fertilizer treatment every two weeks would suffice as well.
Pruning is the finest approach to controlling the growth of a vigorously developing plant. During the plant’s growing season, pinch out the freshly forming side shoots. You can also remove wilting leaves from the sides. However, avoid excessive pruning.
Mulching broccoli is essential since it prefers chilly soil. A 2-inch covering of chopped leaves, hay, or straw over the soil is sufficient.
10. Pests and Diseases
Cutworms, cabbage loopers, and cabbage worms should all be avoided. They can be harvested by hand or sprinkled with water. In terms of diseases, keep an eye out for clubroot and downy mildew. Choose disease-resistant cultivars and allow adequate air circulation between plants.
Also Read: How to Grow Broccoli from Stem?