How to Grow Cabbage in Pots? In a short space, you may grow a fiber-rich, healthy, and low-calorie vegetable that can be prepared for a great dinner or put directly into salads! It grows nicely in containers and is also enjoyable to grow! Let’s learn How to Grow Cabbage in Pots!
Varieties of Cabbage
Savoy Cabbage: This type, sometimes known as curly cabbage, provides mild-flavored, delicate, and curled leaves. Savoy Ace and Savoy King are container-friendly types.
Green Cabbage: Green cabbages, with pointed heads of dark green colour, are the most often used kind. Stovehead, Blue Boy, Jersey Wakefield, Badger Ban, Head Blue, Ribbon Golden, Acre Flat, Dutch Rio Verde, and Green Boy are container varieties.
Red Cabbage: These cabbages have purple-red heads surrounded by silky leaves. Compact varieties for a container are Ruby Perfection, Red Acre, Red Ball, and Red Ribbon.
How to Grow Cabbage in Pots?
1. Choosing a Pot
A pot 10-12 inches broad and deep is ideal for growing cabbages. Only one cabbage plant will thrive in a single container, as additional cabbage will result in smaller heads. The pot should also have proper drainage. Choose larger containers if you want to grow more cabbages in a single pot.
2. Planting Time
When it comes to planting, choose a variety that is appropriate for the season and environment of your location. Plant them whenever the temperature is between 50 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit if you live in a frost-free climate (10-30 C). The optimal temperature during maturation is around 60-70 F. (15-20 C). This guarantees that the flavour and growth are optimal!
Warmer places (USDA zones 9-11) can sow seeds in the fall and continue to sow them through the winter. Sowing seeds in milder climates should be done from early spring to summer. This will provide you with an abundant harvest in the summer or fall!
- Fill a large tray halfway with seed starting mix or potting soil.
- Sprinkle the seeds on top of the soil and cover them with a thin layer of potting soil.
- Water evenly but do not make the soil overly saturated.
- Place the tray in a spot where it gets 2-3 hours of daily sun. Germination requires a temperature range of 68-75 degrees Fahrenheit (20-24 C). It will take between 7 and 15 days.
- After 4-6 weeks of germination, transplant the seedlings when they are 3-4 inches tall and have 3-4 sets of true leaves.
- Fill a pot halfway with well-draining soil.
- Make a 2-inch hole in the middle of the container, carefully plant the seedling, and tap the surrounding soil.
- Watering at regular intervals helps to keep the soil hydrated.
- Give the seedlings 4-6 hours of direct sunlight. Avoid placing the plant in full shadow as it can slow down its growth.
- Cabbage heads reach maturity in 60 to 105 days on average. This may differ based on the kind you’re cultivating.
4. Location to Grow Cabbage in Pots
Placement of the container in a shady area will impede the plant’s development. Adequate sunshine is required if you want to find huge heads. Six or more hours of direct sunlight per day can help cabbage develop tremendously! If the sunshine in your area is intense, you can also grow cabbage in partial sunlight.
5. Soil to Grow Cabbage in Pots
You must be careful with the soil when growing cabbages. A high-quality, light potting mix that is high in humus and slightly clayey will help it grow tremendously! Cabbage grows best in damp soil, so selecting a substrate that retains moisture while also draining properly is always a smart option. A quarter-part peat moss or coco peat in the potting mix will seal the deal!
Watering cabbages on a regular basis is essential since they require moist soil to thrive. Make certain that the soil is never allowed to dry up while the seedling is maturing. The best method is to use your finger to check the topsoil. Water the plant if it is 1 inch dry. Overwatering stifles its growth and must be avoided.
7. Fertilizer to Grow Cabbage in Pots
A monthly application of balanced liquid organic fertilizer is sufficient for optimal growth. Once every two weeks, you can also use 10-5-5 fertilizer or a diluted solution of fish emulsion. If you want more organic options, compost tea works great at raising soil nitrogen levels.
Mulching aids in the preservation of moisture and temperature. It also keeps the plant from splitting even if it is subjected to dryness or overwatering. Remember that enough watering prevents split heads in cabbages.
9. Pests and Diseases
Cabbage pests include cabbageworm, aphids, root maggots, and cabbage loopers. A strong trickle of water will suffice to keep them safe. Cabbages can be affected by diseases such as clubroot, purple blotch, and black speck. They can be controlled by raising the pH of the soil with lime. To avoid purple blotch, avoid watering the foliage.
10. Harvest and Store Cabbage
- Cut the cabbage heads with a sharp knife. Take care not to injure the plants’ roots in the process.
- Cutting 1-2 inches above the root level is always a good idea. Keep 2-3 outer leaves to protect the edible portion from harm.
- Cabbages taste best when they are fresh. Cut and eat them right away.
- They will keep for 1-2 days at room temperature. Keep them in the refrigerator for extended storage. This will keep them fresh for 1-2 weeks.
Also Read: How to Grow Organic Carrots?